Testing social networks using capybara, cucumber-rails and selenium

Integration of social networks is very common in every application. We have many gems are available for doing integration. But testing this social integration is complicated task. Using capybara with cucumber we can easily test this similar to the normal UI testing through capybara.

Step 1:
Set up default driver to selenium.

#features/support/env.rb
Capybara.default_driver = :selenium

Step 2:
Generate cucumber feature and follow below steps to write step definitions:
1) To click on ‘Facebook’ login:

   page.find(:xpath, "//a/img[@alt='Fb-login-button']/..").click

Here I am using xpath selector to find facebook login button.’Fb-login-button’ alt value of my facebook button.

2) Fill up the Facebook login form. This will differ if we are doing login through a popup.

For popup login:

      begin
      within_window(page.driver.browser.window_handles.last) do
         fill_in('email', :with => Fb-Email)
         fill_in('pass', :with => Fb-password)
         click_on('Log In')
      end
      rescue Exception => e
         p "Selenium Exception: Session has no driver"
      end
   

Sometimes selenium will throw an exception. So its better to use exception handling.

For Standard Facebook login, just write:

       fill_in('email', :with => Fb-Email)
       fill_in('pass', :with => Fb-password)
       click_on('Log In')

Now your are done. You automated social networking testing. Follow above steps even for ‘twitter’ login also.

I hope everyone will enjoy this article. Any queries or suggestions would be welcome.

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Ajax forms testing using cucumber-rails, capybara and selenium

Manual UI testing plays a crucial part in test life cycle. However doing the same UI testing on every other day will became tedious. By using cucumber with capybara we can transform these mundane tasks into some interesting learning. We can easily automate manual UI testing by using capybara with cucumber. While automating, ajax forms testing became a task that required some tweaking. I did some R&D to accomplish this task for my project and also that is what pushes me to share my R&D with you.

Task : Admin should be able to edit footer. By clicking on ‘Edit’ link it sends an ajax request and renders a form in facebox. After filling the form and clicks on ‘Add’ button it creates a footer and render a successful message.

Now we will see how to write feature to fulfill this task.

Step 1:

#features/manage_footers.rb
 @javascript
  Scenario: Footer update
    When clicked on edit link
    And updated footer name 'About Us'
    And updated category 'Learn more'
    And updated order as '1'
    And checked link to other page
    And clicked on add button
    Then user should be able to success message

Notice that above scenario there is tag ‘@javascript’ tag which we will do magic. It tells to capybara sends an ajax request for this scenario. Now we will see step definitions

Step 2:

#features/step_definitions/footer_steps.rb
 When /^clicked on edit link$/ do
    click_link('Edit')
 end
 When /^updated footer name 'About(\d+)'$/ do |arg1|
    within('#facebox') do
      fill_in('footer[name]', :with => 'About Us')
    end
 end
 When /^updated category 'Learn more'$/ do
    within('#facebox') do
      select('Learn More', :from => 'footer[category]')
    end
 end
 When /^updated order as '(\d+)'$/ do |arg1|
    within('#facebox') do
      fill_in('footer[sequence]', :with => 1)
    end
 end
 When /^checked link to other page$/ do
    within('#facebox') do
      check('footer[only_url]')
    end
 end
 When /^clicked on add button$/ do
   within('#facebox') do
     click_button('footer_submit')
   end
 end
 Then /^user should be able to success message$/ do
   page.has_content?('Footer was successfully updated.')
 end

Step 3:
Set default driver to selenium in env.rb file.

#features/support/env.rb
Capybara.default_driver = :selenium

Step 4:
Now execute the feature. Because we set default driver to selenium it opens firefox (by default) and executes the steps. For more read capybara

I hope this article will reduce your manual testing effort. Any suggestions and feedback would be welcome.